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290 번 글: [linux] CPU 및 disk I/O 사용량 계산
글쓴이: 산이 [홈페이지] 글쓴날: 2012년 04월 05일 10:53:58 목(오전) 조회: 2346
[linux] CPU 및 disk I/O 사용량 계산

Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt

cat /proc/stat
cpu  user system  nice      idle  wait   hi   si zero
cpu  2255     34  2290  22625563  6290  127  456   0
cpu0 1132     34  1441  11311718  3675  127  438   0
cpu1 1123     0    849  11313845  2614    0   18   0

cputotal = user + system + nice + idle
user+system = user+system / cputotal

/usr/src/linux-2.6.22.19/Documentation/iostats.txt

cat /proc/diskstat
8    0 sda 1576985 366566 29817737 8671588 4847477 21489330 210704848 14116392 0
14120880 

Field  1 -- # of reads issued
    This is the total number of reads completed successfully.

Field  2 -- # of reads merged, field 6 -- # of writes merged
    Reads and writes which are adjacent to each other may be merged for
    efficiency.  Thus two 4K reads may become one 8K read before it is
    ultimately handed to the disk, and so it will be counted (and queued)
    as only one I/O.  This field lets you know how often this was done.

Field  3 -- # of sectors read
    This is the total number of sectors read successfully.

Field  4 -- # of milliseconds spent reading
    This is the total number of milliseconds spent by all reads (as
    measured from __make_request() to end_that_request_last()).

Field  5 -- # of writes completed
    This is the total number of writes completed successfully.

Field  7 -- # of sectors written
    This is the total number of sectors written successfully.

Field  8 -- # of milliseconds spent writing
    This is the total number of milliseconds spent by all writes (as
    measured from __make_request() to end_that_request_last()).

Field  9 -- # of I/Os currently in progress
    The only field that should go to zero. Incremented as requests are
    given to appropriate request_queue_t and decremented as they finish.

Field 10 -- # of milliseconds spent doing I/Os
    This field is increases so long as field 9 is nonzero.

Field 11 -- weighted # of milliseconds spent doing I/Os
    This field is incremented at each I/O start, I/O completion, I/O
    merge, or read of these stats by the number of I/Os in progress
    (field 9) times the number of milliseconds spent doing I/O since the
    last update of this field.  This can provide an easy measure of both
    I/O completion time and the backlog that may be accumulating.

 
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